Future Tenses

Theory Summary

Definition

Future Tenses are the tense of a verb that used to describe things that will certainly happen in the future, talking about expectations, hopes or assumptions, spontaneous actions.

Types

There are four types of Future Tenses commonly used in English Grammar:

1. Simple Future Tense

Usage: express future actions happen without the speaker's intention (birthday, weather, etc.), predictions or assumptions (I think, I hope, I'm sure, I'm afraid), and spontaneous actions (not planned).
Form: will + infinitive

2. Future Progressive Tense

Usage: denote an event that is ongoing in the future, predict future events, ask or inquire about events in the future, or refer to events in the future that have a continuous nature or occur regularly.
Form: will + be + infinitive + ing

3. Future Perfect Tense

Usage: refer to an action which will have been completed at some time in the future.
Form: will + have + past participle

4. Future Perfect Progressive Tense

Usage: describe an event that is ongoing and will complete sometime in the future.
Form: will + have + been + infinitive + ing

Examples

Simple Future

+ Affirmative: Lakers will win the match.
- Negative: Lakers will not win the match.
? Interrogative: Will Lakers win the match?

Future Progressive

+ Affirmative: They will be playing basketball on Saturday night.
- Negative: They will not be playing basketball on Saturday night.
? Interrogative: Will they be playing basketball on Saturday night?

Future Perfect

+ Affirmative: She will have read the announcement by tomorrow.
- Negative: She will not have read the announcement by tomorrow.
? Interrogative: Will she have read the announcement by tomorrow?

Future Perfect Progressive

+ They will have been living in Texas for 10 years.
+ I will have been swimming for an hour by 6.30.
+ Next year, I will have been working at Google for 3 years.

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